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Jetpack Compose Text: A Complete Guide

Welcome to this all-encompassing guide on Jetpack Compose Text! Jetpack Compose has revolutionized the way we think about UI development in Android. With a more intuitive and functional approach, it offers a wide range of tools to manage and style text.

Whether you’re a seasoned developer or just getting started, this guide will walk you through the many facets of text management in Jetpack Compose.

Basic Text Display

Text is an essential part of any application. In Jetpack Compose, displaying basic text is as simple as using the Text composable:

fun TextExample() {
    Text("Hello, Jetpack Compose!")

This code will render a simple text on the screen.

jetpack compose text

Display Variables within Text

Sometimes, you need to display dynamic data. For instance, user input or data fetched from a server. In Compose, you can easily integrate variables into text:

fun TextExample() {
    val name = "Rashid"
    Text("Hello, $name!")

This will display: “Hello, Rashid!”

jetpack compose variable in text

Display Number in Text

Displaying numbers works similarly to displaying variables. If you have an integer or a float, you can seamlessly incorporate it:

fun TextExample() {
    val score = 99
    Text("Your score is: $score")

This displays: “Your score is: 99”

jetpack compose number in text

Display Text from Resource

It is recommended to display text from string resources instead of hard coding. Got res > values > strings.xml and add a text as given below.

    <string name="app_name">My Application</string>
    <string name="hello_world">Hello World!</string>

Then you can display this string as text.

fun TextExample() {

Text Font

System Fonts

Jetpack Compose provides default support for system fonts. Using these is straightforward and ensures consistency with the platform’s design:

fun TextExample() {
    Text("Using System Font", style = TextStyle.Default)

With this, your text will adopt the default font style of the Android system.

Change Font Size

Adjusting font size is essential for readability and design:

fun TextExample() {
    Text("Bigger Font", fontSize = 20.sp)

Using the sp unit ensures that the text scales according to user preferences and device settings.

Jetpack compose font size

Custom Fonts

To set your app apart, you might want to use a custom font. First, place your font file (e.g., .ttf or .otf) in the res/font/ directory. Then, use it in Compose:

val customFont = FontFamily(Font(R.font.your_custom_font))
Text("Custom Font Style", fontFamily = customFont)

This will render the text with your chosen custom font.

Font Style

Italic Text

Giving emphasis to specific parts of your text can be achieved with italics:

Text("This is italic text", fontStyle = FontStyle.Italic)

The FontStyle property makes it easy to render italicized text on the screen.

jetpack compose italic text

Bold Text

For stronger emphasis or highlighting key information, bold is the way to go:

Text("This is bold text", fontWeight = FontWeight.Bold)

With FontWeight, you can effortlessly make your text bold.

jetpack compose bold text

Text Underline

Underlining is another effective way to highlight or draw attention:

Text("Underlined text", textDecoration = TextDecoration.Underline)

The TextDecoration property offers a suite of decorative features, including underline.

jetpack compose underlined text

Strikethrough Text

To signify outdated information or show a crossed-out option, a strikethrough is handy:

Text("Strikethrough text", textDecoration = TextDecoration.LineThrough)

Simply use the LineThrough option of TextDecoration to achieve this effect.

jetpack compose strikethrough text

Font Color

Colors can help convey mood, significance, or categorization:

Text("Colored text", color = Color.Red)

With the color parameter, you can easily choose from a variety of colors.

jetpack compose text color.

Gradient Text

For a more dynamic look, apply a gradient to your text:

@OptIn (ExperimentalTextApi::class)
fun TextExample() {
        fontSize = 30.sp,
        text = ("This text has a beautiful gradient color. Just Check it!"),
        style = TextStyle(
            brush = Brush.linearGradient(
                colors = listOf(Color.Magenta, Color.Cyan)

Using a gradient brush adds flair to your textual content.

jetpack compose gradient text

Font Family

Jetpack Compose allows for adjustments like serifs for nuanced design choices:

Text("Serif text", fontFamily = FontFamily.Serif)

Choose from Serif, SansSerif, Monospace, and more to match your design vision.

Font Weight

Beyond just bold, you can select from a range of font weights:

Text("Light text", fontWeight = FontWeight.Light)

From UltraLight to Black, there’s a weight for every need.

jetpack compose font weight

Text Shadow

Shadows are a great way to give depth to your text, making it stand out against various backgrounds. With Jetpack Compose, adding a shadow to your text is easy.

fun TextExample() {
    val offset = Offset(5.0f, 10.0f)
        text = "Hello world!",
        style = TextStyle(
            fontSize = 24.sp,
            shadow = Shadow(
                color = Color.Gray, offset = offset, blurRadius = 3f

In the above code, Offset which determines the horizontal and vertical distance of the shadow from the text. we apply a shadow using the Shadow class and a blurRadius that softens the edges of the shadow.

jetpack compose text shadow

Text Opacity

Opacity can play an important role in text design, especially when you’re looking to create hierarchy or subtly blend text with its background. Adjusting text opacity in Jetpack Compose is straightforward.

Consider the following:

    text = "Semi-Transparent Text",
    color = Color.Red.copy(alpha = 0.5f)

To adjust the opacity, we utilize the color property with the copy function on Color.Red. The alpha parameter within copy sets the transparency level.

An alpha of 1f means fully opaque, while 0f is fully transparent. Here, we’ve set it to 0.5f, making our text semi-transparent.

jetpack compose text opacity

Text Background

Backgrounds play a pivotal role in highlighting text and making it more legible against diverse backdrops. In Jetpack Compose, we can easily assign backgrounds to your text.

fun TextExample() {
        text = "Highlighted Text",
        style = TextStyle(
            fontSize = 24.sp,
            background = Color.Yellow

Within TextStyle, there’s the background property. Here, we’ve chosen Color.yellow to give our text a yellow background.

jetpack compose text background

Combine Styles

Combining styles is a powerful way to create standout and expressive text designs. With Jetpack Compose, mixing various text attributes is both intuitive and effective.

Combine Font Styles

Let’s start by combining basic font styles, such as bold and italic:

    "Bold & Italic Text", 
    fontWeight = FontWeight.Bold, 
    fontStyle = FontStyle.Italic

This results in text that’s both bold and italicized, perfect for grabbing attention.

jetpack compose combine text style

Multiple Styles in Text

In Jetpack Compose, you might want to style different parts of your text differently within a single Text composable. This can be achieved using an AnnotatedString, which is essentially a string that can be adorned with varied styles.

For creating an AnnotatedString with multiple styles, the buildAnnotatedString builder comes in handy.

fun TextExample() {
        buildAnnotatedString {
            withStyle(style = SpanStyle(color = Color.Blue)) {
            append("ello ")
            withStyle(style = SpanStyle(fontWeight = FontWeight.Bold, color = Color.Red)) {
        fontSize = 40.sp,

Inside the builder, withStyle allows us to apply a specific SpanStyle to a portion of the text.

The result? Our text will display as “H” in blue, followed by “ello “, and then “W” in bold red, ending with “orld”.

jetpack compose multiple style in text

Combining multiple styles in this manner lets you craft more engaging and informative textual UIs.

Multiple Decorations

Why limit yourself to just one text decoration when you can have more?

    "Underlined & Strikethrough", 
    textDecoration = TextDecoration.combine(listOf(TextDecoration.Underline, TextDecoration.LineThrough))

Here, we’ve combined underlining with a strikethrough, creating a unique visual cue.

jetpack compose multiple decoration

Text Alignment

Text alignment determines the arrangement of text relative to a reference point or line. Proper alignment enhances readability and aesthetic appeal. Jetpack Compose provides versatile tools to achieve your desired text alignment with ease.

Left Alignment

By default, text in Jetpack Compose is left-aligned. It starts from the left edge and moves to the right:

Text("This is left-aligned text", textAlign = TextAlign.Left)

Left alignment is standard for most written content, especially in left-to-right languages.

Center Alignment

For titles or when you wish to draw attention to specific text, center alignment is ideal:

Text("Centered Text", textAlign = TextAlign.Center)

The text will be perfectly centered relative to its container.

Right Alignment

Right alignment is especially useful for languages that are read from right to left, or for specific design choices:

Text("Right-aligned Text", textAlign = TextAlign.Right)

The text starts from the right edge and extends to the left.

jetpack compose text alignment

Justify Alignment

For a more uniform look, especially in larger blocks of text, you might opt for justify alignment. This ensures even spacing between words, making both the left and right edges straight:

Text("This is a sample justified text. It ensures that both edges align neatly.", textAlign = TextAlign.Justify)

It’s essential to choose an alignment that complements the content and design of your app. Remember, while alignment contributes to aesthetics, readability should always be the priority.

Text Spacing

Effective text spacing can dramatically enhance readability and the overall look of your app’s content. Jetpack Compose offers a suite of tools to help developers finely tune spacing, ensuring text is presented clearly and appealingly.

Line Spacing

Adjusting the space between lines can help improve the flow and legibility of paragraphs:

Text("This is a sample text with\nmultiple lines.", lineHeight = 28.sp)

By using the lineHeight property, you can set a specific height for each line, which includes the text height and the space above and below it.

jetpack compose text line spacing

Letter Spacing

To modify the space between individual characters, use letter spacing:

Text("Spaced Out Text", letterSpacing = 1.5.sp)

With the letterSpacing property, characters in the text will have increased space between them, which can create a distinctive appearance or improve readability in certain fonts.

jetpack compose letter spacing

When adjusting text spacing, always remember the user experience. Over-spacing or under-spacing can reduce readability. Testing on various devices and screen sizes will help strike the perfect balance.

Text Line Limit and Truncation

Managing the display of lengthy textual content is crucial for maintaining a clean and user-friendly interface. Jetpack Compose provides straightforward methods to limit lines and truncate text, ensuring your UI remains tidy and readers aren’t overwhelmed.

Line Limit

You can easily set a maximum number of lines for your text to occupy. This is especially useful for previews or brief snippets:

    Text("This is a long piece of text that may not fit within two lines. Yiu have to check how this text is gonna end finally. See the difference", maxLines = 2)

By setting the maxLines property, the text will be cut off after the specified number of lines, ensuring it doesn’t dominate the screen.

jetpack compose line limit

Text Truncation

When you’re limiting lines, you might also want to indicate to the user that there’s more content than what’s currently visible. Truncation comes in handy here:

Text("This is a long piece of text that may not fit within two lines. Yiu have to check how this text is gonna end finally. See the difference", maxLines = 2, overflow = TextOverflow.Ellipsis)

With the TextOverflow.Ellipsis value for the overflow property, any text exceeding the maxLines will be replaced with an ellipsis (...), signaling to users that the content continues.

jetpack compose text truncation

Text Selection

In interactive UIs, allowing users to select text can enhance functionality, aiding in tasks like copying, sharing, or looking up information. Jetpack Compose simplifies the process of enabling text selection, ensuring both usability and a seamless user experience.

Basic Text Selection

To make text selectable in Jetpack Compose, wrap your Text composable within a SelectionContainer:

fun TextExample() {
    SelectionContainer {
        Text("This is a selectable text")

With the SelectionContainer, any text inside becomes selectable. Users can tap and drag to select specific portions of the text, just like they would in native Android.

jetpack compose selectable text

Providing text selection not only boosts interactivity but also ensures users can engage with content more effectively. Always consider the context and ensure text selection enhances, rather than disrupts, the user experience.

Text Border

Borders can play a pivotal role in highlighting specific portions of text or adding a decorative element. In Jetpack Compose, you have the flexibility to add borders to your text, ensuring it stands out or aligns with your design theme.

Basic Text Border

Adding a simple border around your text is made easy with the use of the Modifier.border:

fun TextExample() {
    Column {
            text = "Text with Border",
            modifier = Modifier.border(1.dp, Color.Red, shape = RoundedCornerShape(4.dp))

In the above example, the text will be surrounded by a red border of 1.dp thickness. The corners of the border are slightly rounded with a 4.dp radius.

jetpack compose text border

Combine with Padding

To ensure your text doesn’t sit too close to its border, use padding:

fun TextExample() {
    Column {
            text = "Text with Border",
            modifier = Modifier
                        .border(1.dp, Color.Red, shape = RoundedCornerShape(4.dp))

The Modifier.padding ensures a gap between the text and its border, enhancing clarity and aesthetics.

Using borders thoughtfully can emphasize important information, enhance aesthetics, or guide users’ attention. However, it’s essential to ensure that borders complement the overall design and don’t overshadow the primary content.

Navigating text in Jetpack Compose is both fun and practical. This guide has showcased how easy it is to style, customize, and manage text in your apps. Remember, while design is essential, always keep your users in mind. Thanks for reading!

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