A Beginner Guide to Write Functions in Kotlin

Kotlin has rapidly gained popularity as the go-to language for native Android app development. But its utility goes beyond that. In this enhanced Kotlin tutorial, we’ll dive deep into creating and using functions.

We’ll cover basic functions, functions with returns, single and multiple parameters, and default arguments.

Basic Function Syntax in Kotlin

Kotlin makes declaring functions straightforward with the fun keyword. Function names are usually camel-cased for better readability.

fun basicFunction() {
    println("Hello, Kotlin!")

To call this function, you simply write the function name followed by parentheses:


Functions with Return Types

In Kotlin, when a function returns a value, you need to specify its data type. Here’s how you can do it:

fun returnString(): String {
    return "Hello, Kotlin!"

Functions with Single Parameters

Functions often require parameters to perform specific tasks. Always specify the data type of the parameter when declaring the function.

fun greetUser(name: String): String {
    return "Hello, $name!"

Functions with Multiple Parameters

You can have more than one parameter for a function. Each parameter must have its data type declared.

fun greetUser(name: String, age: Int): String {
    return "Hello, $name! You are $age years old."

Functions with Default Arguments

Kotlin also allows you to specify default values for function parameters, which is handy for optional inputs.

fun greetUser(name: String = "Guest", age: Int = 18): String {
    return "Hello, $name! You are $age years old."

Advanced Functions: Higher-Order Functions and Lambdas

As you progress, you’ll encounter more advanced types of functions like higher-order functions and lambdas. These allow for more flexibility and cleaner code.

fun performOperation(x: Int, y: Int, op: (Int, Int) -> Int): Int {
    return op(x, y)

val sum = { x: Int, y: Int -> x + y }
val result = performOperation(5, 3, sum)

Mastering functions in Kotlin is essential for effective coding, especially for Android development. Whether you’re dealing with basic functions or diving into more advanced types, understanding Kotlin functions will level up your skills.

That’s it! Now you know how to use a wide range of functions in Kotlin, from the basics to the advanced.

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